This chapter examines the practice of welfare contractualism from the standpoint of fair reciprocity. At first sight, welfare contractualism appears to be a legitimate practice. The work-test can be viewed as necessary to protect citizens from the unfair resource claims of those unwilling to meet their contributive obligations to the community. However, the work-test is only just if certain conditions are met. These include conditions relating to background distribution of assets and opportunities, and the structure and design of the work enforcement regime.
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