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Fairness and FuturityEssays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice$
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Andrew Dobson

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294894

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198294891.001.0001

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Ecological Degradation: A Cause for Conflict, a Concern for Survival

Ecological Degradation: A Cause for Conflict, a Concern for Survival

(p.249) 10 Ecological Degradation: A Cause for Conflict, a Concern for Survival
Fairness and Futurity

Koos Neefjes

Oxford University Press

Koos Neefjes of Oxfam takes turmoil and instability as his starting point. How will carefully crafted sustainability and justice principles fare in zones of conflict? How can measurements of environmental stock and flow be made under conditions of war or even genocide? Neefjes implies that they cannot, and he focuses instead on the causes of conflicts and the role that environmental factors might play in them. After examining a number of cases drawn from Africa he concludes that environmental degradation and resource distribution play an increasingly important role in conflicts, and that supporting local use and management of resources is of paramount importance.

Keywords:   Africa, conflict, environment, environmental degradation, genocide, justice, localism, resources, sustainability

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