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European Integration and Supranational Governance$
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Wayne Sandholtz and Alec Stone Sweet

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294641

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0198294646.001.0001

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The Path to European Integration: A Historical‐Institutionalist Analysis

The Path to European Integration: A Historical‐Institutionalist Analysis

Chapter:
(p.27) 2 The Path to European Integration: A Historical‐Institutionalist Analysis
Source:
European Integration and Supranational Governance
Author(s):

Paul Pierson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198294646.003.0002

Presents a historical institutionalist account of the development of supranational governance. Focusing on the cumulative impact of the European Community's organization and rule‐making machinery, it argues that, over time, institutional effects like path dependence and lock‐in overwhelm the capacities of national governments to control the course of integration. This is due in part to the fact that governments tend to focus on short‐term interests, while being unable to calculate long‐term consequences of delegating authority to EC institutions. It is also due to the forging of multi‐dimensional relationships between societal actors and EC institutions, such as the European Court and the European Commission, by which information asymmetries develop to the advantage of EC organizations vis‐a‐vis national governments. Various examples of this process can be seen in areas of social policy, such as gender equality and workplace health and safety.

Keywords:   European Community, European integration, social policy, supranational governance

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