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Pluralism and the Politics of DifferenceState, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective$
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R. D. Grillo

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294269

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198294263.001.0001

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‘Nation of Many Nations’? The United States and Immigration, 1880–1930

‘Nation of Many Nations’? The United States and Immigration, 1880–1930

Chapter:
(p.141) 7 ‘Nation of Many Nations’? The United States and Immigration, 1880–1930
Source:
Pluralism and the Politics of Difference
Author(s):

R. D. Grillo (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198294263.003.0007

Between 1880 and 1930 a ‘new immigration’ of some 28 million people entered the US, mainly from southern and eastern Europe, posing serious questions for the body politic: could, should, the USA assimilate them, and what would their assimilation mean? A minority opposed their entry in the belief that their social, cultural, and racial background made them unassimilable. The prevailing view was that immigrants were required for the country's burgeoning industries, but should undergo ‘Americanization’. Despite policies that encouraged immigrants and their descendants to submerge their ethnic and cultural differences in the ‘melting pot’, a century later ethnicity remained a powerful force in urban America. The politics of the 1960s, the changing composition of urban populations, and the arrival of new waves of immigrants from Asia and Hispanic America combined with long‐term social and economic changes to create a framework within which ethnic and cultural pluralism continued to be significant in a post‐industrial society.

Keywords:   Americanization, assimilation, cultural difference, ethnicity, immigration, melting pot, pluralism, post‐industrial society, USA

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