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A Theory of Employment SystemsMicro-Foundations of Societal Diversity$
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David Marsden

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294221

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198294220.001.0001

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Classification Rules and the Consolidation of Employment Systems

Classification Rules and the Consolidation of Employment Systems

(p.86) Chapter 4 Classification Rules and the Consolidation of Employment Systems
A Theory of Employment Systems

David Marsden (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The institutionalization of work rules into employment systems arises by their incorporation into job classification systems. The ‘atomistic’ view by which simple tasks are aggregated into job categories is rejected in favour of a ‘holistic’ view, whereby the logic of a classification system shapes the elementary tasks. Job classifications reduce job idiosyncrasy and establish a language by which workers and managers can compare jobs and performance. Job classifications play a key role in enterprise management and in collective agreements.

Keywords:   collective agreements, employment systems, enterprise management, idiosyncratic jobs, institutionalization, job classification, work rules

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