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Ideologies and Political TheoryA Conceptual Approach$
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Michael Freeden

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294146

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019829414X.001.0001

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The Chimera of Conservative Dualism

The Chimera of Conservative Dualism

Chapter:
(p.348) 9 The Chimera of Conservative Dualism
Source:
Ideologies and Political Theory
Author(s):

Michael Freeden (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019829414X.003.0010

From the mid‐nineteenth century, conservatism found itself in acute competition with the rising ideologies of the left, liberalism, and then socialism. By the end of that century, the struggle was one of political survival on the institutional level, though the late nineteenth century provides an excellent example of the ill‐fitting relationship between party and ideology. This chapter starts by looking at the multiple counter‐defences of British conservatism, in which it is commonplace to discern a dual British conservative tradition (an older paternalist Tory tradition and a newer anti‐statist stand) from the end of the nineteenth century. It then goes on to examine the cases against socialism, the parrying of liberal advances, Hugh Cecil's book Conservatism, and American conservatism. Lastly, it reappraises libertarianism, and discusses conservatism and public debate.

Keywords:   American conservatism, Britain, British conservatism, Hugh Cecil, conservatism, conservative dualism, dualism, history, ideology, liberalism, libertarianism, public debate, socialism, USA

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