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Women, Culture, and DevelopmentA Study of Human Capabilities$
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Martha C. Nussbaum and Jonathan Glover

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198289647

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198289642.001.0001

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A Matter of Survival: Women's Right to Employment in India and Bangladesh

A Matter of Survival: Women's Right to Employment in India and Bangladesh

(p.37) A Matter of Survival: Women's Right to Employment in India and Bangladesh
Women, Culture, and Development

Martha Chen

Oxford University Press

Chen's paper focuses on women's right to work in rural Bangladesh and India to illustrate the symbolism of independence and the practical necessity for women in the developing world to break from the constraints of custom to forge their own way to economic security. Chen's fieldwork in Bangladesh shows that local traditions and local policies can change in response to the contingencies of human development, while her data in India supports the conclusion that local tradition varies across castes, regions, and time. Chen ends with a four‐dimensional analysis of women's right to gainful employment as a matter of (1) immediate survival for women and their dependents; (2) female mortality rates; (3) women's status; and (4) human justice.

Keywords:   Bangladesh, India, justice, kinship, mortality rate, policy, poverty, survival, tradition, women and employment

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