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The Japanese Enterprise SystemCompetitive Strategies and Cooperative Structures$
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W. Mark Fruin

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198288985

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198288980.001.0001

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Focal Factories

Focal Factories

(p.210) 6 Focal Factories
The Japanese Enterprise System

W. Mark Fruin (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter offers a detailed examination of the evolution of focal factories, drawing most of its empirical evidence from a close reading of the histories of several Toshiba factories. Looking at the changing organizational interface between focal factories and company‐wide structures offers a valuable examination of the introduction of the multidivisional model of company organization and its impact on factory and shop‐floor practices at Toshiba. The chapter starts by looking at the general institutional consequences of late development, and then, for Toshiba, examines its history and organizational patterns, organizational boundaries and the focal factory, pre‐war and post‐war organization, post‐war product diversity, factory organization and management, and corporate strategy and factory response.

Keywords:   corporate strategy, factory practices, factory response, focal factories, history, Japanese firms, multidivisional organization, organizational structure, shop‐floor practices, Toshiba

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