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An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution$
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Partha Dasgupta

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198288350

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198288352.001.0001

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Fertility and Resources: The Household as a Reproductive Unit 1

Fertility and Resources: The Household as a Reproductive Unit 1

(p.343) 12 Fertility and Resources: The Household as a Reproductive Unit1
An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Partha Dasgupta (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The main part of this chapter discusses the household as a reproductive unit. It has nine sections: (1) income, fertility, and food – a discussion of the inverse relationship between fertility (and mortality) rates and income, and of population growth in relation to the (finite) environmental resource base; (2) the population growth problem; (3) population externalities: household versus societal reasoning; (4) birth control and female education; (5) children as consumer and insurance goods; (6) environmental degradation, and children as producer goods; (7) some special features of sub‐Saharan Africa; (8) modelling fertility decisions; and (9) allocation failure and public policy. An extra and separate section (designated Chapter *12) gives theoretical presentations on two aspects of strategic complementarities in fertility decisions: (1) atmospheric externalities; and (2) Nash equilibria.

Keywords:   birth control, children, education, environmental degradation, externalities, fertility, households, income, Nash equilibrium, population growth, reproduction, resource allocation, sub‐Saharan Africa, sustainability, women

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