- Title Pages
- Dedication
- Preface to the First Edition
- Preface to the Enlarged Edition
- 1 Welfare Economics, Utilitarianism, and Equity
- 2 Measures of Inequality
- 3 Inequality as a Quasi‐Ordering
- 4 Work, Needs, and Inequality
- On Economic Inequality After a Quarter Century
- A.1.1 Prologue
- A.1.2 The 1973 Themes
- A.1.3 Further Issues
- A.2.1 Welfare as a Basis for Inequality Measurement
- A.2.2 From Welfare to Inequality
- A.2.3 From Inequality to Welfare
- A.3.1. Partial Rankings and Intersection Quasi‐Orderings
- A.3.2 Generalized Lorenz Dominance
- A.3.3 Stochastic Dominance
- A.4.1 The Class of Relative Inequality Measures
- A.4.2 Lorenz Dominance and Relative Inequality
- A.4.3 Transfer Sensitivity
- A.5.1 Decomposability
- A.5.2 Subgroup Consistency
- A.5.3 Consistency and interdependence
- A.6.1 Poverty: Identification and Aggregation
- A.6.2 Classical Poverty Aggregation: Head Count and Income Gap
- A.6.3 Relative Deprivation and the S Measure of Poverty
- A.6.4 Continuity, Transfers, and the S<sup>*</sup> Measure
- A.6.5 Decomposability, Subgroups, and the P<sub>α</sub> Measures
- A.6.6 Poverty Orderings
- A.7.1 Inequality, Welfarism, and Justice
- A.7.2 Functionings and Capabilities
- A.7.3 On Weights and Valuations
- A.7.4 Poverty as Capability Failure
- A.7.5 Indirect Assessment and Ordinal Intensity
- A.7.6 A Final Remark
- Bibliography
- Index of Names
- Subject Index

# Work, Needs, and Inequality

# Work, Needs, and Inequality

- Chapter:
- (p.77) 4 Work, Needs, and Inequality
- Source:
- On Economic Inequality
- Author(s):
### Amartya Sen (Contributor Webpage)

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press

Some of the broader issues concerning economic inequality are addressed. Inequality is sometimes viewed in relative terms, viz., as a departure from some notion of appropriate distribution, based on needs and desert Inequality can, therefore, be viewed not merely as a measure of dispersion, but also as a measure of the difference between the actual distribution of income, and the distribution (1) according to needs or (2) according to some concept of desert. These two approaches are discussed.

*Keywords:*
desert, economic inequality, income distribution, inequality, measurement, needs

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- Title Pages
- Dedication
- Preface to the First Edition
- Preface to the Enlarged Edition
- 1 Welfare Economics, Utilitarianism, and Equity
- 2 Measures of Inequality
- 3 Inequality as a Quasi‐Ordering
- 4 Work, Needs, and Inequality
- On Economic Inequality After a Quarter Century
- A.1.1 Prologue
- A.1.2 The 1973 Themes
- A.1.3 Further Issues
- A.2.1 Welfare as a Basis for Inequality Measurement
- A.2.2 From Welfare to Inequality
- A.2.3 From Inequality to Welfare
- A.3.1. Partial Rankings and Intersection Quasi‐Orderings
- A.3.2 Generalized Lorenz Dominance
- A.3.3 Stochastic Dominance
- A.4.1 The Class of Relative Inequality Measures
- A.4.2 Lorenz Dominance and Relative Inequality
- A.4.3 Transfer Sensitivity
- A.5.1 Decomposability
- A.5.2 Subgroup Consistency
- A.5.3 Consistency and interdependence
- A.6.1 Poverty: Identification and Aggregation
- A.6.2 Classical Poverty Aggregation: Head Count and Income Gap
- A.6.3 Relative Deprivation and the S Measure of Poverty
- A.6.4 Continuity, Transfers, and the S<sup>*</sup> Measure
- A.6.5 Decomposability, Subgroups, and the P<sub>α</sub> Measures
- A.6.6 Poverty Orderings
- A.7.1 Inequality, Welfarism, and Justice
- A.7.2 Functionings and Capabilities
- A.7.3 On Weights and Valuations
- A.7.4 Poverty as Capability Failure
- A.7.5 Indirect Assessment and Ordinal Intensity
- A.7.6 A Final Remark
- Bibliography
- Index of Names
- Subject Index