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Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare StateA European Dilemma$
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Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Peo Hansen, and Stephen Castles

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280521

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0198280521.001.0001

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Migration, Citizenship, and the European Social Model

Migration, Citizenship, and the European Social Model

(p.48) three Migration, Citizenship, and the European Social Model
Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State

Carl-Ulrik Schierup (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines EU policies concerning social exclusion, migrant integration, labour migration, and asylum in the early 21st century. A two-pronged approach analyzes EU efforts in the realm of migrant integration together with its interventions in the area of immigration and asylum. A new anti-discrimination orientation is being turned into mandatory EU directives and EU-sponsored transnational development programmes, but this reorientation towards diversity, social inclusion, and equal opportunity is part of a new European Social Model, which is conditioned by a neo-liberal policy dynamic. The contours of the EU’s modernized Social Model are those of a post-national workfare regime. This has critical implications for the transformation of the frameworks of citizenship marking the post-war European welfare states in general, and the incorporation of immigrants and ethnic minorities in European societies in particular. The first part of the chapter explores the changing conditionality posed by the neo-liberal turn and changing frameworks of citizenship with regard to the inclusion of resident denizens and citizens with migrant background. That is, it focuses on the actual condition of being a citizen. The second half of the chapter discusses the changing conditions for becoming (or not becoming) a citizen, framed by a newly emerging supranational political economy of border control, migration management, and asylum.

Keywords:   European Union, European social model, neo-liberalism, citizenship, workfare, migrant integration, minority integration, labour migration, illegal immigration, asylum

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