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Elitism, Populism, and European Politics$
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Jack Hayward

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280354

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198280351.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 August 2019

Political Parties and the Public Accountability of Leaders

Political Parties and the Public Accountability of Leaders

(p.121) 6 Political Parties and the Public Accountability of Leaders
Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

David Hine

Oxford University Press

Electoral accountability of leaders through political parties to the people is essential to representative democracy. Parties have suffered from declines in membership and increasing electoral volatility. There has been an increase in corruption of the political class, in the problem of managing factional conflict, and a reduced policy‐making capacity. Cartel parties have developed, which derive their strength from political patronage and public subsidies through holding government office.

Keywords:   accountability, cartel parties, corruption, factional conflict, political class, political patronage, representative democracy

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