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Market, State, and CommunityTheoretical Foundations of Market Socialism$
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David Miller

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198278641

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198278640.001.0001

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Procedural Justice

Procedural Justice

Chapter:
(p.47) 2 Procedural Justice
Source:
Market, State, and Community
Author(s):

David Miller (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198278640.003.0003

Libertarians such as Nozick and Hayek define justice in procedural terms. Nozick takes for granted the liberal idea of property, but in fact this is historically contingent and other conceptions of property are equally valid. He also relies on Locke's theory of property acquisition, but Locke's account is best understood as grounded in desert, which does not yield a proprietary theory of justice. Hume's view of justice and property avoids the problems of Locke's, but has conservative implications. Hayek defines justice in terms of rule following, but fails to explain satisfactorily what should guide the choice of rules. Finally, the idea of social justice is defended against several libertarian objections.

Keywords:   desert, Friedrich Hayek, David Hume, justice, libetarianism, John Locke, Robert Nozick, procedural justice, property, social justice

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