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Calendar and CommunityA History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE$
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Sacha Stern

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198270348

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198270348.001.0001

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Calendar and Community: The Emergence of the Normative Jewish Calendar

Calendar and Community: The Emergence of the Normative Jewish Calendar

Chapter:
(p.211) 5 Calendar and Community: The Emergence of the Normative Jewish Calendar
Source:
Calendar and Community
Author(s):

Sacha Stern (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198270348.003.0005

Investigates why the rabbinic calendar may have developed in this way (see ch.4). Theories based on notions of anti‐Jewish persecution, Christian influence, or scientific progress are inadequate. Instead, it is proposed that as the Palestinian and Babylonian rabbinic communities expanded from the third century, the need was perceived for a single, unanimous rabbinic calendar, which necessarily had to be calculated in advance and fixed. Babylonia played an important role in developing this calendar, culminating with the R. Saadya—Ben Meir controversy in the tenth century, when the Babylonian version of the fixed calendar ultimately prevailed.

Keywords:   Babylonia, Christian influence, community, Palestine, persecution, progress, rabbinic, R. Saadya, unanimity

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