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Zadok's HeirsThe Role and Development of the High Priesthood in Ancient Israel$
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Deborah W. Rooke

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269984

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269986.001.0001

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Mysterious Melchizedek

Mysterious Melchizedek

(p.80) 3 Mysterious Melchizedek
Zadok's Heirs

Deborah W. Rooke (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Discusses the figure of Melchizedek in Genesis 14: 18–20 and Psalm 110: 4. Melchizedek is described as both a king and a priest and could therefore provide a model or precedent for a ruling high priest. After a review of scholarship on both passages, the conclusion is that Melchizedek is a figure of sacral monarchy, not of ruling priesthood. He, therefore, provides ideological support not for a ruling high priesthood but for the Israelites’ own sacral monarchy.

Keywords:   Genesis 14: 18–20, Melchizedek, Psalm 110: 4

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