- Title Pages
- 1 High Priesthood According to the Priestly Writer
- 2 High Priesthood in the Deuteronomistic History
- 3 Mysterious Melchizedek
- 4 Ezekiel: A Vision of Hierocracy?
- 5 High‐Priestly Power in Haggai and Zechariah 1–8
- 6 Ezra and Nehemiah: The High Priesthood in Fifth‐Century Judah
- 7 The Elephantine Papyri
- 8 High Priesthood in the Books of Chronicles
- 9 After the Canon: The Later Persian Period
- 10 The Hidden Years: High Priesthood Under the Ptolemies
- 11 The Maccabean Conquest: Jonathan and Simon the Maccabees
- 12 The Hasmonean Dynasty: John Hyrcanus and His Successors
- 1. Old and New Testament
- 2. Apocrypha and Septuagint
- 3. Old Testament Pseudepigrapha
- 4. Dead Sea Scrolls
- 5. Other Jewish and Hellenistic Papyri
- 6. Rabbinic Works
- 7. Classical and Hellenistic Writers
- Index of Proper Names
- (p.80) 3 Mysterious Melchizedek
- Zadok's Heirs
Deborah W. Rooke (Contributor Webpage)
- Oxford University Press
Discusses the figure of Melchizedek in Genesis 14: 18–20 and Psalm 110: 4. Melchizedek is described as both a king and a priest and could therefore provide a model or precedent for a ruling high priest. After a review of scholarship on both passages, the conclusion is that Melchizedek is a figure of sacral monarchy, not of ruling priesthood. He, therefore, provides ideological support not for a ruling high priesthood but for the Israelites’ own sacral monarchy.
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