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Zadok's HeirsThe Role and Development of the High Priesthood in Ancient Israel$
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Deborah W. Rooke

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269984

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269986.001.0001

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The Hasmonean Dynasty: John Hyrcanus and His Successors

The Hasmonean Dynasty: John Hyrcanus and His Successors

Chapter:
(p.303) 12 The Hasmonean Dynasty: John Hyrcanus and His Successors
Source:
Zadok's Heirs
Author(s):

Deborah W. Rooke (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198269986.003.0013

Using material from Josephus (Antiquities xiii–xiv; Jewish War i) and the Psalms of Solomon, examines the descendants of Simon Maccabee, known as the Hasmoneans, who formed a ruling dynasty in Jerusalem from 134 BCE till the Roman conquest of Palestine in 63 BCE. As with Jonathan and Simon Maccabee, the Hasmoneans appear to have been royal rather than primarily priestly rulers. This is indicated by the inclusion of a woman in the line of succession, and by the fact that the Psalms of Solomon castigate the Hasmoneans for usurping the throne of David. Hence, like the Maccabees, the Hasmoneans represent not the development of high priesthood into an office of civil power, but a return to a monarchic style of government.

Keywords:   Hasmoneans, Josephus, Antiquities xiii, xiv, Josephus, Jewish War i, Psalms of Solomon

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