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Zadok's HeirsThe Role and Development of the High Priesthood in Ancient Israel$
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Deborah W. Rooke

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269984

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269986.001.0001

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After the Canon: The Later Persian Period

After the Canon: The Later Persian Period

(p.219) 9 After the Canon: The Later Persian Period
Zadok's Heirs

Deborah W. Rooke (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Discusses extra‐canonical material that might relate to high priesthood in the fourth century—namely, the narrative of Joannes and Jesus in Josephus, Jewish Antiquities xi. 297–301, and issues of the Yehud coins for Yehezqiyah, Yohanan the priest, and Yaddua. It has been argued that all of these coin issues were produced by high priests who were also acting as governors, and the Yohanan coin has been linked to the narrative in Josephus. However, the links proposed between the coins and fourth‐century high priests cannot be sustained, and the Josephus episode reflects some of the characters and the type of high priesthood evidenced by the fifth‐century Elephantine papyri. Hence, neither the coins nor the narrative in Josephus are evidence of high priests serving as governors during the later Persian period.

Keywords:   coin of Yohanan the priest, Elephantine papyri, Josephus, Antiquities xi. 297–301, later Persian‐period Judah, Yehud coins

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