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The Popes and European Revolution$
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Owen Chadwick

Print publication date: 1980

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269199

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269196.001.0001

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Monks and Nuns

Monks and Nuns

Chapter:
(p.210) 3 Monks and Nuns
Source:
The Popes and European Revolution
Author(s):

Owen Chadwick (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198269196.003.0003

An account is given of the position of monks and nuns in the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, before the Enlightenment. The following aspects are covered: numbers of monks and nuns, social needs met by monks and nuns, internal strain (tension) in religious orders, the nun's dowry, new orders, the Redemptorists (an Italian order founded in 1732), hermits, critics of the monks, the monastery prison, mortmain, and Joseph II of Austria and the abolition of monasteries and monks.

Keywords:   abolition, Austria, Catholic Church, dowry, Europe, history, Italy, monasteries, monks, nun's dowry, nuns, Redemptorists, religious history, religious orders, tension

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