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Kant's Theory of MindAn Analysis of the Paralogisms of Pure Reason$
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Karl Ameriks

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198238973

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198238975.001.0001

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Independence

Independence

Chapter:
(p.189) Chapter VI Independence
Source:
Kant's Theory of Mind
Author(s):

Karl Ameriks (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198238975.003.0006

This chapter concerns human freedom, a topic that Kant remarkably struck from the list of main topics in rational psychology, although right before the Critique, he had given it pride of place. Hence, it is crucial to see why the Critique neither presents nor directly criticizes the rationalist arguments for our freedom with which Kant was extremely familiar. Kant's views here must be understood in terms of clues from his lectures, and especially in the light of the different kinds of arguments to freedom, which he presents in his Groundwork (a ‘deduction’) and second Critique (a ‘fact of reason’). I connect the changes in his presentation there with the clearer expression, in the second ed. of the first Critique, of his anti‐rationalist doctrine of self‐knowledge (as dependent on knowing spatial things). In this way, I show how—to appreciate the full interconnection and development of Kant's theoretical and practical views on freedom—we need to go beyond readings by Beck, Paton, Henrich, and others.

Keywords:   apperception, autonomy, deduction, fact of reason, freedom, moral law, spontaneity, will

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