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Knowledge and the State of NatureAn Essay in Conceptual Synthesis$
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Edward Craig

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198238799

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198238797.001.0001

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Why causal theory, tracking, reliabilism all good approximations. Why justified true belief a good approximation. Comparison with Grice

Why causal theory, tracking, reliabilism all good approximations. Why justified true belief a good approximation. Comparison with Grice

Chapter:
(p.24) IV Why causal theory, tracking, reliabilism all good approximations. Why justified true belief a good approximation. Comparison with Grice
Source:
Knowledge and the State of Nature
Author(s):

Edward Craig (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198238797.003.0004

Argues that the core of the concept of knowledge is true belief plus some property indicative of true belief and that there is no detailed answer to the query ‘and what property is that?’ The Nozick–Dretske counterfactual analysis, Alvin Goldman's causal theory, reliabilism, and the justified true belief account are all good approximations to the concept of knowledge, for, in each case, there is justification for the addition(s) made to the minimal concept. This justification arises not so much from the concept of knowledge itself as from certain very general beliefs we hold about the world. Thus, when the conditions laid down in the minimal concept are satisfied, it will almost always be believed that the conditions of the above theories are satisfied too.

Keywords:   Dretske, Goldman, knowledge, Nozick, reliabilism

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