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The Christian God$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198235125

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198235127.001.0001

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(p.7) 1 Substances
The Christian God

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

A substance is a concrete individual thing that exists all at once. Although the world can be cut up into substances in different ways, any full description of the world will include both material objects and immaterial souls as substances. Souls have essentially mental properties, ones to which the subject has privileged access such as thoughts and sensations. The essential part of a human being is a human soul, one with a structure and a capacity for logical thought, moral belief, and free will, and (typically but not necessarily) certain limited powers exercised through a human body. No human being is essentially human.

Keywords:   free will, human being, immaterial soul, logical thought, material object, mental property, moral belief, privileged access, soul, substance

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