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Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement$
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Nancy Cartwright

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198235071

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198235070.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2019

What Econometrics Can Teach Quantum Physics: Causality and the Bell Inequality

What Econometrics Can Teach Quantum Physics: Causality and the Bell Inequality

Chapter:
(p.231) 6 What Econometrics Can Teach Quantum Physics: Causality and the Bell Inequality
Source:
Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement
Author(s):

Nancy Cartwright (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198235070.003.0007

This chapter gives a concrete example of a question of current scientific interest where capacities matter: ‘Do the Bell inequalities describing

Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) experiments show that causality is incompatible with quantum mechanics?’ The question cannot be answered if we rely on probabilistic theories of causality and laws of associations alone. It takes the concept of capacity and related notions of how capacities operate even to formulate the problem correctly. Econometrics models with correlated errors, it is shown, can explain the EPR results when the correlations are given a capacity interpretation.

Keywords:   Bell inequalities, capacities, correlated errors, econometric models, Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen experiments, probabilistic causality, quantum mechanics

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