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Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement$
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Nancy Cartwright

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198235071

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198235070.001.0001

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How to Get Causes from Probabilities

How to Get Causes from Probabilities

Chapter:
(p.11) 1 How to Get Causes from Probabilities
Source:
Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement
Author(s):

Nancy Cartwright (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198235070.003.0002

In the context of linear causal systems, ‘How to Get Causes from Probabilities’ shows that given correct background information about other causal facts, certain probabilistic relations (like correlations and partial correlations) are both necessary and sufficient for the truth of new causal facts. This is done by showing how simple structural models from econometrics can be read causally if the conditions for identification of the model are met, and a generalized version of Reichenbach's principle of the common cause is assumed.

Keywords:   cause, common cause, correlation, econometrics, identification, probabilities, Reichenbach

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