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Globalization and Labor Conditions$
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Robert J. Flanagan

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306002

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195306007.001.0001

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International Migration and Labor Conditions

International Migration and Labor Conditions

(p.87) Chapter 5 International Migration and Labor Conditions
Globalization and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows the powerful role of international labor market competition in narrowing differences in labor conditions between countries that remain open to migration flows. International migration produced a large convergence in real wages between Europe and the New World during the transatlantic migrations of the late 19th century. Concerns about the impact of immigration on workers in destination countries resulted in policies that significantly limited international migration during much of the 20th century and gave rise to significant illegal immigration. Dropping these policy barriers would increase world output and significantly reduce inequality between the richest and poorest nations of the world. The chapter also considers whether the emigration of skilled workers (brain drain) harms poor countries, weighing the loss of skills against remittances and other offsetting factors.

Keywords:   brain drain, convergence, emigration, illegal immigration, immigration, migration, migration barriers, remittances

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