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Beyond TolerationThe Religious Origins of American Pluralism$
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Chris Beneke

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195305555

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195305558.001.0001

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 Open to All Parties

 Open to All Parties

The Ordeal of Religious Integration

(p.79) 3 Open to All Parties
Beyond Toleration

Chris Beneke (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines religious discourse in mid-century America, which was characterized by unprecedented ecumenism and surprisingly widespread praise for integration. Beginning in the mid-1740s, religious writers stressed the common principles that Protestants of all denominations shared. During the same period, colonial institutions of many types declared themselves “open to all parties” — by which they usually meant all religious parties. Extended accounts of the Free Mason movement, the legislative assemblies of New York and Philadelphia, and the fight for control of King’s College (Columbia University), demonstrate a growing consciousness of religious diversity and the increasing priority accorded to interdenominational cooperation.

Keywords:   ecumenism, integration, Protestants, denominations, open to all parties, free masons, New York, Philadelphia, King’s College, religious diversity

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