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Understanding Poverty$
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Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee, Roland Bénabou, and Dilip Mookherjee

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195305197

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195305191.001.0001

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Fertility in Developing Countries

Fertility in Developing Countries

(p.143) 10 Fertility in Developing Countries
Understanding Poverty

Mukesh Eswaran

Oxford University Press

This essay discusses why fertility is high in many developing countries; why it declines with economic development; why the institution of child labor facilitates high fertility; and why high fertility is intimately tied to the extent of female autonomy in decision making. It then discusses the reasons for the biased sex ratio at birth alluded to above. It concludes with suggestions for policy measures that will address the problems identified.

Keywords:   economic development, child labor, children, mortality, female autonomy, sex ratio

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