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Casting KingsBards and Indian Modernity$
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Jeffrey G. Snodgrass

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304343

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195304349.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 September 2019

Obscene Jesters

Obscene Jesters

Bhambhi “Little Kings” in the Economy of Bhat Praise-Singing

Chapter:
(p.75) 3 Obscene Jesters
Source:
Casting Kings
Author(s):

Jeffrey G. Snodgrass (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195304349.003.0003

This chapter describes Bhat relationships to the ritualized village patron-client “gift” economy found throughout northern India called jajmani. It is shown that the Bhats’ skill as bards, and their perspectives on caste relations more generally, emerge from the manner in which this social economy places value on exchanges between patrons and clients. In particular, this chapter explores Bhat understandings of virtue, and thus also of caste hierarchy, through a consideration of Bhat praise- and insult-poems which celebrate gifting and generosity. It is argued that views of caste emphasizing the importance of patronage and kingship — as opposed to purity, pollution, and priesthood — better explain Bhat relations to the Indian institution of caste.

Keywords:   patronage, ritual, gifts, social economy, exchange, hierarchy, purity, pollution, priesthood, praise-singing

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