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Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?Military Procurement and Technology Development$
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Vernon W. Ruttan

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195188042

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195188047.001.0001

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The Space Industries

The Space Industries

(p.130) 7 The Space Industries
Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?

Vernon W. Ruttan (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) was created in 1958 to ensure U.S. leadership in areas of space technology considered important to national prestige, national defense, and foreign policy. It has played an important entrepreneurial role in the development of both communications and earth-observing satellites for military and commercial purposes. Nonmilitary and intelligence applications of satellite communication technology achieved commercial viability much more rapidly than satellite earth-observing and geographic positioning systems. During the past several decades, the development and implementation of civilian applications have been slowed by national security considerations, and by ideologically burdened privatization policies that have threatened economic viability.

Keywords:   NASA, communications satellites, earth-observing satellites, privatization, commercial viability

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