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The Changing Face of ChristianityAfrica, the West, and the World$
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Lamin Sanneh and Joel A. Carpenter

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195177282

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195177282.001.0001

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Missionary Thinking about Religious Plurality at Tambaram 1938:

Missionary Thinking about Religious Plurality at Tambaram 1938:

Hendrik Kraemer and His Critics

Chapter:
(p.159) 8 Missionary Thinking about Religious Plurality at Tambaram 1938:
Source:
The Changing Face of Christianity
Author(s):

Richard J. Plantinga

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195177282.003.0009

This chapter examines the thought of Hendrik Kraemer, a Dutch neo-orthodox theologian, well-versed in Islam, who had served as a missionary to Indonesia. Kraemer was commissioned by the International Missionary Council (IMC) to write a definitive Christian theology regarding other world religions, to be discussed at the IMC’s great international missionary conference in Tambaram, near Madras, India, in 1938. Kraemer’s book, The Christian Message in a Non-Christian World (1938), insisted that there is no salvation to be found outside of the redemptive work of Jesus Christ. For the next half-century, Kraemer’s work was the starting point for ongoing debates over a Christian theology of religion and interfaith dialogue. Plantinga argues that a proper Christian view of non-Christian religions must give more recognition of continuity in God’s revelation, but it does well to insist, as Kraemer did, on salvation only through God alone, in Jesus Christ.

Keywords:   Christianity, India, Indonesia, interfaith dialogue, International Missionary Council, Islam, Hendrik Kraemer, Tambaram, theology of religion, world religions

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