This chapter discusses the context and originality of Dante's Empyrean, as developed in the Comedy. Its principal characteristics are summarized under three points: (i) In radical distinction from the Empyrean of the Scholastics, the Empyrean of the Comedy is absolutely immaterial and uncreated: it does not exist in space or time; (ii) In the Comedy Dante identifies the Empyrean with the divine mind; the splendor of that mind is the luminosity of the “tenth heaven”; (iii) The Empyrean is the “cause” of the phenomenal world only in the sense that it is its “foundation,” the ground of its being.
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