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Scientific Values and Civic Virtues$
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Noretta Koertge

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195172256

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195172256.001.0001

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 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Chapter:
(p.9) 1 A Bouquet of Scientific Values
Source:
Scientific Values and Civic Virtues
Author(s):

Noretta Koertge (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195172256.003.0002

This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide the scientific community. In addition to positivist values such as logical coherence and empirical adequacy, scientists place a great deal of emphasis on heuristic power, conceptual simplicity, mathematical tractability, and explanatory depth. Popper’s view of science as a problem-solving activity marked by both cooperation and critical debate serves as a good reminder of the qualities that should be encouraged in public deliberations.

Keywords:   Karl Popper, Robert Merton, Talcott Parsons, Thomas Kuhn, Imre Lakatos, empirical adequacy, sociology of science, scientific norms, scientific explanation, heuristic power

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