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Creating the Twentieth CenturyTechnical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact$
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Vaclav Smil

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195168747

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195168747.001.0001

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Internal Combustion Engines

Internal Combustion Engines

(p.98) 3 Internal Combustion Engines
Creating the Twentieth Century

Vaclav Smil (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Invention and commercialization of automotive internal combustion engines was a multistranded process that began during the 1880s in Germany with design by Benz, Daimler and Maybach, and then received critical contributions from France, the UK, and the United States. Otto-cycle gasoline engines became the dominant prime movers in passenger cars as well as in the first airplanes, while diesel engines were initially limited to heavy-duty maritime and railroad applications. Line assembly introduced by Henry Ford provided a long-lasting solution to the mass manufacturing. The car industry eventually became the leading sector of modern economies and car culture has had a profound effect on many facets of modern life.

Keywords:   internal combustion engines, Otto cycle, gasoline engines, diesel engines, passenger cars, Henry Ford, mass manufacturing, car industry, car culture

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