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Haunting the BuddhaIndian Popular Religion and the Formation of Buddhism$
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Robert DeCaroli

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195168389

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195168380.001.0001

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Set in Stone

Set in Stone

(p.55) 3 Set in Stone
Haunting the Buddha

Robert DeCaroli (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Images of popular demigods and minor deities are shown to dominate the decoration of early Buddhist sites to the exclusion of almost any other subject matter. In particular, an iconographic study of the remains of the monastery from Bharhut reveals a process of superimposition wherein the spirit‐deities have been moved to the periphery of the sacred space and the center is reserved for the Buddhist relic alone. When this information is coupled with new evidence demonstrating that these monasteries were largely built over locations (like cemeteries and hills) that were understood as being the abodes of specific minor deities, it becomes clear that the Buddhist community is making a potent statement of religious authority though its architecture. Significantly, this hierarchy expressed in sculpture parallels the claims of authority made in the legendary literature.

Keywords:   Images, Sculpture, Iconography, Bharhut, Minor deities, Buddhist

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