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The Ramayana Revisited$
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Mandakranta Bose

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195168327

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195168321.001.0001

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Rāmāyaṇa Textual Traditions in Eastern India

Rāmāyaṇa Textual Traditions in Eastern India

(p.87) 3 Rāmāyaṇa Textual Traditions in Eastern India
The Ramayana Revisited

Mandakranta Bose (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the forms and versions in which the Rāmāyana has appeared in eastern India, specifically in Assam, Bengal, and Orissa, since medieval times. It shows that although these versions were derived from Valmiki's Sanskrit poem, they reflect local religious and social influences. Tracing both bhakti and and sakta sources, such as the Adhyatma Rāmāyana, Tulsidas's devotional Rāmāyana, and the Adbhuta Rāmāyana, in the eastern Rāmāyanas, it is argued that the story of Rāma thereby became the major and most widely accessible repository of religious and social ideas for mass audiences in eastern India.

Keywords:   Valmiki, India, Assam, Bengal, Orissa, Rāmāyana

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