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Desert ChristiansAn Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism$
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William, S.J. Harmless

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195162233

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195162234.001.0001

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Roman Egypt

Roman Egypt

(p.3) 1 Roman Egypt
Desert Christians

William, S.J. Harmless (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides necessary background by examining the wider world from which the desert fathers and desert monasticism emerged. It concentrates on Roman Egypt, its geography, history, politics, and religious milieu. This survey includes a look at ancient Alexandria as well as at life along the Nile Valley. It also examines three features of early Egyptian Christianity: the Alexandrian theological tradition (best embodied by Origen), the Melitian schism, and the early Alexandrian patriarchate.

Keywords:   desert fathers, monasticism, Roman Egypt, Egyptian Christianity, Alexandria, Nile Valley, Origen, Melitian schism, theology, Alexandrian, patriarch, Alexandrian

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