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Extending OurselvesComputational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method$
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Paul Humphreys

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195158700

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195158709.001.0001

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Scientific Empiricism

Scientific Empiricism

Chapter:
Scientific Empiricism
Source:
Extending Ourselves
Author(s):

Paul Humphreys (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195158709.003.0002

The need for epistemic security is best satisfied by a scientific rather than a traditional empiricism. The emphasis on human observations can be transcended by the dilution argument and the overlap argument, but scientific empiricism requires that we know how instruments work, a position argued with reference to Galileo and Hacking. The three instrumental criteria of accuracy, precision, and resolution are examined. Instruments detect properties and it is argued that objects are clusters of properties.

Keywords:   accuracy, dilution argument, empiricism, epistemic security, instruments, observations, overlap argument, precision, properties, resolution

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