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Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards$
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Douglas A. Sweeney

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195154283

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195154282.001.0001

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The Decline and Fall of the Edwardsian Culture

The Decline and Fall of the Edwardsian Culture

Taylorites, Tylerites, and the Disintegration of New England Calvinism

Chapter:
(p.129) 7 The Decline and Fall of the Edwardsian Culture
Source:
Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards
Author(s):

Douglas A. Sweeney (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195154282.003.0008

Threatened by Unitarianism and Finneyite progressives, the Edwardsians of the 1820s banded together to fight off the encroachment of theological liberalism and “new measures” revivalism. By 1828, with the publication of Taylor's Concio ad Clerum, the fissures in the Calvinist front that remained hidden during the first part of the decade became more noticeable. Fears spread that Taylor had fallen into Arminianism and abandoned Edwardsian Calvinism. As Lyman Beecher moved to Cincinnati to take the presidency of Lane Seminary, Bennet Tyler continued to warn of the dangers of Nathaniel William Taylor's teaching. By 1850, when the sabers ceased rattling between Taylor and Tyler, Catharine Beecher publicly began teaching a form of Arminianism, which she claimed she learned from Taylor. In his seventies, Taylor was unable to fight the errant claims. Sweeney argues that the battle between Taylor and Tyler was symptomatic of the decline of Edwardsian Calvinism in New England. The true decline of New England Calvinism began when the leaders of New England Theology became so self‐absorbed in their minor theological battles that they lost their voice in the culture wars of the mid‐nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Arminianism, Catharine Beecher, Lyman Beecher, Charles Finney, Edwardsian Calvinism, Lane Seminary, New England Theology, Bennet Tyler, Unitarianism

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