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The MandaeansAncient Texts and Modern People$
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Jorunn Jacobsen Buckley

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195153859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195153855.001.0001

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(p.35) 3 Šitil
The Mandaeans

Jorunn Jacobsen Buckley (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Focuses on the Mandaean mythological figure of Šitil, who figures largely in Mandaean prayers and other texts, along with his brothers, Hibil and AnuŠs. All three are ‘utras (Lightworld (heavenly) figures) but Šitil is the purest of the pure, against whom the souls of all departed Mandaeans are tested on their way to the Lightworld. The story of how Šitil obtained this purity (by dying for his father Adam, at his request) is told, and in the telling a great many other Mandaean mythological figures are encountered and described. Šitil is regarded essentially as a dual figure, in having both human and Lightworld aspects.

Keywords:   ‘utra, Adam, AnuŠs, dualism, Hibil, Lightworld, Mandaeans, Mandaeism, mythological figures, myths, purity, Šitil

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