This chapter interrupts Gu”non’s biography to look at the development of political Traditionalism. The chapter first considers the involvement of Rudolf von Sebettendorff in the foundation of the German Nazi Party. It then turns to Julius Evola, the most important political Traditionalist, examining his development of Gu”non’s work and his involvement with Italian Fascism and German Nazism before and during the Second World War. The chapter ends with a consideration of the group of Traditionalists in Romania before the Second World War, a group which combined political and spiritual interests and from which emerged Mircea Eliade (later an important scholar of religions in America).
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