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Against the Modern WorldTraditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century$
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Mark Sedgwick

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195152975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195152972.001.0001

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(p.95) 5 Fascism
Against the Modern World

Mark Sedgwick (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter interrupts Gu”non’s biography to look at the development of political Traditionalism. The chapter first considers the involvement of Rudolf von Sebettendorff in the foundation of the German Nazi Party. It then turns to Julius Evola, the most important political Traditionalist, examining his development of Gu”non’s work and his involvement with Italian Fascism and German Nazism before and during the Second World War. The chapter ends with a consideration of the group of Traditionalists in Romania before the Second World War, a group which combined political and spiritual interests and from which emerged Mircea Eliade (later an important scholar of religions in America).

Keywords:   Fascism, Nazism, Sebottendorff, Evola, Romania, Eliade

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