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Against the Modern WorldTraditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century$
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Mark Sedgwick

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195152975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195152972.001.0001

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Gnostics, Taoists, and Sufis

Gnostics, Taoists, and Sufis

(p.55) 3 Gnostics, Taoists, and Sufis
Against the Modern World

Mark Sedgwick (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter continues the early biography of Ren” Gu”non from 1909. It covers his membership in the Universal Gnostic Church and his Masonic contacts with Oswald Wirth, and ends with the dissolution of the Belle Epoque occultist milieu during the First World War. The chapter also examines the influence on Gu”non of the ideas of the imperialist Albert de Pouvourville and of the Sufi Ivan Agu”li, and the origins of de Pouvourville’s and Agu”li’s ideas. It finally compares Agu”li with two other early Western Sufis, Isabelle Eberhardt and Rudolf von Sebottendorff, and examines the nature of their conversions to Islam.

Keywords:   Gnosticism, imperialism, Aguéli, Sufism, Eberhardt, Sebottendorff, Islam, conversion

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