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Environmental JusticeCreating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195152036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195152034.001.0001

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Distributive Justice, Participative Justice, and the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equality

Distributive Justice, Participative Justice, and the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equality

Chapter:
(p.23) 2 Distributive Justice, Participative Justice, and the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equality
Source:
Environmental Justice
Author(s):

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195152034.003.0002

Using case studies focusing on offshore oil development, especially in siting decisions, the chapter analyzes and defends the concept of prima facie political equality. It shows how threats to equality and informed consent underlie violations of environmental justice. After analyzing historical, ethical, and economic explanations for how particular groups of people have been victimized in environmental decision making, the book shows the strengths and weaknesses of federalism versus localism, in decision making. It argues that federalism ought not be used to justify imposition of inequitable risks on poor people and minorities.

Keywords:   environmental justice, equality, federalism, informed consent, injustice, justice, localism, offshore oil, oil, political equality, risk, siting

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