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Partners for DemocracyCrafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur$
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Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019515116X.001.0001

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“Last Service to the Fatherland”: The House of Peers Addresses Constitutional Revision

“Last Service to the Fatherland”: The House of Peers Addresses Constitutional Revision

Chapter:
(p.282) 19 “Last Service to the Fatherland”: The House of Peers Addresses Constitutional Revision
Source:
Partners for Democracy
Author(s):

Ray A. Moore

Donald L. Robinson (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019515116X.003.0021

Having passed the lower house, the proposed revision came next before the House of Peers. The aristocratic upper house would exist no longer under the new constitution, yet its approval was critical to the project's legitimacy. Ch. 19 tells how the proposed revision came under severe attack by peers, but was also stoutly defended. The principal defenders, besides Kanamori, were a highly respected lawyer, Takayanagi Kenzō, and Nanbara Shigeru, president of the University of Tokyo; the scholarly Sasaki Sōichi and a fierce and eloquent peer, Sawada Ushimaro, led the critics. Again the role of the emperor under the new charter (kokutai) was an object of earnest interest, as was Article 9 and the bill of rights.

Keywords:   bill of rights, House of Peers, Takayanagi Kenzō, kokutai, renunciation of war (Article 9), role of the emperor, Nanbara Shigeru, Sasaki Sōichi, Kanamori Tokujirō, Sawada Ushimaro

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