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Balkan IdolsReligion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States$
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Vjekoslav Perica

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195148565

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195148568.001.0001

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Religion as Hallmark of Nationhood

Religion as Hallmark of Nationhood

(p.165) 10 Religion as Hallmark of Nationhood
Balkan Idols

Vjekoslav Perica

Oxford University Press

The first part of the chapter gives a brief account of the bloody fratricidal war fought in Croatia and Bosnia‐Herzegovina in 1991–5, which resulted from ethnic nationalistic revolutions aimed at destroying the multiethnic federation of Yugoslavia founded by the communists, and establishing independent homogeneous states. Further wars would continue in 1998 (between the Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo) and in 2001 (between Albanians and Macedonians in Macedonia). The main part of the chapter discusses religion and nationalism in these successor states – Islam and Muslim nationalism in Bosnia‐Herzegovina, Catholicism (the Madonna of Medjugorje) and Croatian nationalism in Bosnia‐Herzegovina and Croatia, and the Orthodox Church in Serbia (and Kosovo), Macedonia, and Montenegro. The remaining two sections of the chapter discuss saint making in Croatia in the late 1990s, and the role of religious organizations in the international peace process.

Keywords:   Albanians, beatification, Bosnia‐Herzegovina, Catholic Church, Croatia, ethnic nationalism, Islam, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Muslims, nationalism, Orthodox Church, peacemaking, religious nationalism, religious organizations, saints, Serbia, Serbian Orthodox Church

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