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The Oxford Handbook of Rationality$
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Alfred R. Mele and Piers Rawling

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195145397

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195145399.001.0001

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PARADOXES OF RATIONALITY

PARADOXES OF RATIONALITY

Chapter:
(p.257) chapter 14 PARADOXES OF RATIONALITY
Source:
The Oxford Handbook of Rationality
Author(s):

Roy Sorensen (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195145399.003.0014

Sorensen provides a panoramic view of paradoxes of theoretical and practical rationality. These puzzles are organized as apparent counterexamples to attractive principles such as the principle of charity, the transitivity of preferences, and the principle that we should maximize expected utility. The following paradoxes are discussed: fearing fictions, the surprise test paradox, Pascal’s Wager, Pollock’s Ever Better wine, Newcomb’s problem, the iterated prisoner’s dilemma, Kavka’s paradoxes of deterrence, backward inductions, the bottle imp, the preface paradox, Moore’s problem, Buridan’s ass, Condorcet’s paradox of cyclical majorities, the St. Petersburg paradox, weakness of will, the Ellsberg paradox, Allais’s paradox, and Peter Cave’s puzzle of self-fulfilling beliefs.

Keywords:   bottle imp, cyclical majorities, deterrence, fiction, paradox, preface, prisoner’s dilemma, self-fulfilling beliefs, surprise, wager

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