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The Islamic LeviathanIslam and the making of State Power.$
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Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195144260

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195144260.001.0001

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Malaysia, 1981–1997

Malaysia, 1981–1997

Islamization and Capitalist Development

(p.105) 5 Malaysia, 1981–1997
The Islamic Leviathan

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Oxford University Press

In the 1980s, Malaysia adopted the policy of state‐led Islamization. The ruling UMNO party co‐opted ABIM, fashioned itself as an Islamically oriented party, and adopted many Islamist ideas. The state created Islamic institutions, and supported Islamic cultural, political, and economic activities. It used Islamization to expand its power and to penetrate the Malay society. The state also embarked on rapid economic growth to address racial tensions. It used its control of Islam to manage Islamic politics and define Islamic values with a view of economic growth and accommodating globalization.

Keywords:   economic growth, globalization, Islamic institutions, Islamic values, Islamism, Islamization, Malaysia, racial tension, state power, UMNO

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