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The Islamic LeviathanIslam and the making of State Power.$
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Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195144260

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195144260.001.0001

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From Independence to 1969

From Independence to 1969

(p.48) 2 From Independence to 1969
The Islamic Leviathan

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Oxford University Press

Malaysia and Pakistan were created from the rump of British colonialism in India and Southeast Asia. Both states lacked national identity or a unified polity that preceded independence. Both confronted social divisions that were the legacy of the colonial era. In fact, in both countries the struggle for independence was not directed against the British, but was a competition of racial, religious, and ethnic rivals. As weak states, they were unable to proceed with effective state formation. Economic Disparities in Malaysia led to racial and ethnic tensions. Weak state institutions and constitutional crises led to ethnic tensions in Pakistan.

Keywords:   constitutional crises, economic disparities, ethnic conflict, independence, Malaysia, national identity, Pakistan, social divisions, state formation

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