Starts with an outline of the book, and then discusses the philosophical approach taken in it. Three methods used by philosophers to approach problems are considered: the first is a theory whose correctness is immediately apparent to the philosopher concerned, and whose implications for any particular cases will be accepted, even if they lead to uncomfortable results; in the second case, the philosopher starts with a theory, but one to which commitment is not so great, and whose implications for particular cases may be examined, and if they conflict, lead to alterations in the theory; and the third starts with responses to cases (practical or theoretical) with just enough detail for philosophical purposes, rather than total or tentative commitment to a theory. The method used in this book is closer to the third than any other, and is outlined.
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