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The Book of Evidence$
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Peter Achinstein

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195143898

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195143892.001.0001

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Two Major Probabilistic Theories of Evidence

Two Major Probabilistic Theories of Evidence

Chapter:
(p.44) 3 Two Major Probabilistic Theories of Evidence
Source:
The Book of Evidence
Author(s):

Peter Achinstein (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195143892.003.0003

Two standard probabilistic theories of evidence are introduced: increase‐in‐probability (positive relevance) and high‐probability. These theories must be augmented by some definition of probability if a full theory of evidence is to be formulated and evaluated. Four popular theories of probability are presented: Carnap's a priori theory, the frequency theory, the propensity theory, and the subjective theory. It is shown how each yields a different concept of evidence.

Keywords:   Carnap, evidence, frequency theory, positive relevance, probabilistic theory of evidence, probability, propensity theory, subjective theory

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