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The Book of Evidence$
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Peter Achinstein

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195143898

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195143892.001.0001

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Explanation Versus Prediction: Which Carries More Evidential

Explanation Versus Prediction: Which Carries More Evidential

Chapter:
(p.210) 10 Explanation Versus Prediction: Which Carries More Evidential
Source:
The Book of Evidence
Author(s):

Peter Achinstein (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195143892.003.0010

According to one standard view, a prediction of a new fact always counts as stronger evidence for a hypothesis than an explanation of a known one. According to another view, it is the reverse. Both views are shown to be mistaken. What is important for evidence is not whether it was predicted or explained, but (in the sort of cases used by each side) what selection procedures were used to obtain the evidence. Stephen Brush's defense of ”explanationism” and Patrick Maher's defense of ”predictivism” are critically examined, as is Clark Glymour's problem of ”old evidence.”

Keywords:   Brush, evidence, explanationism, Glymour, Maher, old evidence, prediction, predictivism, scientific explanation, selection procedures

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