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When Church Became TheatreThe Transformation of Evangelical Architecture and Worship in Nineteenth-Century America$
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Jeanne Halgren Kilde

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195143416

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195143418.001.0001

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Meanings in Nineteenth‐Century Evangelical Architecture

Meanings in Nineteenth‐Century Evangelical Architecture

(p.197) 8 Meanings in Nineteenth‐Century Evangelical Architecture
When Church Became Theatre

Jeanne Halgren Kilde (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the ideological themes associated with these churches and asserts that the auditorium church type lost popularity as the evangelical consensus that had produced it deteriorated. Formalism and a new liturgical movement came to dominate among many defenders of religious modernism, who remodeled their auditorium sanctuaries into new split chancel arrangements or built new Late Gothic Revival churches. Proponents of fundamentalism along with more conservative evangelicals were more likely to retain their auditorium sanctuaries and some even built a handful of new ones by the middle of the twentieth century. With the revival of evangelical influence at the end of the century, however, religious auditoriums were widely revived, in the form of large nondenominational megachurches like Willow Creek Community Church outside of Chicago.

Keywords:   Willow Creek, formalism, fundamentalism, Late Gothic Revival, liturgical, megachurches, modernism, movement, split chancel

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